Adverse Drug Reaction Classification System

Pharmaceutical Information
Drug Name Albuterol
Drug ID BADD_D00056
Description Salbutamol is a short-acting, selective beta2-adrenergic receptor agonist used in the treatment of asthma and COPD. It is 29 times more selective for beta2 receptors than beta1 receptors giving it higher specificity for pulmonary beta receptors versus beta1-adrenergic receptors located in the heart. Salbutamol is formulated as a racemic mixture of the R- and S-isomers. The R-isomer has 150 times greater affinity for the beta2-receptor than the S-isomer and the S-isomer has been associated with toxicity. This lead to the development of levalbuterol, the single R-isomer of salbutamol. However, the high cost of levalbuterol compared to salbutamol has deterred wide-spread use of this enantiomerically pure version of the drug. Salbutamol is generally used for acute episodes of bronchospasm caused by bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis and other chronic bronchopulmonary disorders such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD). It is also used prophylactically for exercise-induced asthma.[Label,A174379,A174400]
Indications and Usage For symptomatic relief and prevention of bronchospasm due to bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, and other chronic bronchopulmonary disorders such as COPD.
Marketing Status Discontinued; Prescription
ATC Code R03AC02; R03CC02
DrugBank ID DB01001
KEGG ID D02147
MeSH ID D000420
PubChem ID 2083
NDC Product Code 59651-333; 64980-443; 64980-442; 69238-1345; 69543-290; 51079-657; 70771-1512; 71205-898; 69543-291; 59651-334; 70771-1511; 70710-1062; 71205-899; 69238-1344; 70710-1061
Synonyms Albuterol | Salbutamol | 2-t-Butylamino-1-(4-hydroxy-3-hydroxy-3-hydroxymethyl)phenylethanol | Ventolin | Sultanol | Albuterol Sulfate | Proventil
Chemical Information
Molecular Formula C13H21NO3
CAS Registry Number 18559-94-9
Chemical Structure
ADR Related Proteins Induced by Drug
ADR Term Protein Name UniProt AC TTD Target ID PMID
Bone marrow failureBeta-2 adrenergic receptorP07550T5252210669529; 9731005; 9351598
ADRs Induced by Drug
ADR Term ADReCS ID ADR Frequency (FAERS) ADR Severity Grade (FAERS) ADR Severity Grade (CTCAE)
Abdominal distension07.01.04.001--
Abdominal pain07.01.05.002--
Abdominal pain upper07.01.05.003--
Aggression19.05.01.001--Not Available
Anaphylactic shock24.06.02.004; Available
Angina pectoris24.04.04.002;
Angioedema23.04.01.001; Available
Application site reaction12.07.01.006; Available
Arrhythmia02.03.02.001--Not Available
Asthenia08.01.01.001--Not Available
Asthma22.03.01.002; Available
Atrial fibrillation02.03.03.002--
Back pain15.03.04.005--
Blood pressure increased13.14.03.005--Not Available
Body temperature increased13.15.01.001--Not Available
Breast pain21.05.05.003--
Bronchospasm paradoxical22.03.01.006--Not Available
Cardiac failure high output02.05.01.010--Not Available
Cardiac murmur13.14.01.001--Not Available
Cardiac output increased13.14.02.012--Not Available
Chest discomfort22.02.08.001;; Available
Chest pain22.02.08.003;; Available
Coagulopathy01.01.02.001--Not Available
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